On 3 March 2011 the Italian Government passed the Legislative
Decree (the "Decree") implementing the Renewable Energy
Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from
renewable sources. The Decree will come into force once published
in the Official Gazette (the "Effective Date").
The Decree deals with a broad range of matters (i.e. administrative
permits, grid improvements, incentives, statistical transfers,
control and fines).
A focus on clean-energy incentives follows:
incentive tariffs set out in the third Conto Energia
(ministerial Decree, 6 August 2010) will be granted to PV plants
starting operations by 31 May 2011
the Minister of Economic Development in agreement with the
Minister of the Environment shall adopt, by 30 April 2011, a
further decree setting out new incentives - presumably lower
than those currently applicable - for PV plants starting operations
after 31 May 2011
with effect from the Effective Date, ground based plants will
be eligible for incentive tariffs provided that:
a. the capacity of the plant shall not exceed 1MW and, in the event
that more than one plant is installed on the same owner's land,
each plant has to be installed at a distance of 2KM one another
b. the concerned plant(s) shall not cover more than 10% of the land
The limits under (a) and (b) above shall not apply if:
the land has been abandoned for 5 years or
the individual plant has been authorised prior to, or on, the
Effective Date or
the relevant authorisation has been filed with the competent
authorities by 1 January 2011, provided the plant becomes
operational within 1 year following the Effective Date.
Renewable energy sources other than solar:
Starting from 1 January 2013 the renewable obligation (i.e. the
obligation to provide the competent authorities with green
certificates pursuant to article 11 of Legislative Decree no.
79/1999) will be gradually reduced to zero in 2015. Until 2015 the
State Energy Management Agency, known as GSE, is still required to
purchase excess green certificates on the market at a price 22%
lower than the one set out under article 2, para. 148 of Law No.
24, 24 December 2007.
with effect from 1 January 2013, renewable energy (other than
solar) production will benefit from:
c. fixed incentive tariffs, if plant capacity is lower than 5MW
d. incentives awarded through reverse auctions (managed by GSE), if
plant capacity exceeds 5MW. In any event, the bidding procedure
shall provide for a minimum incentive amount which is determined on
the basis of investment costs.
Within 6 months following the Effective Date, the Minister of
the Economic Development in agreement with the Minister of the
Environment shall adopt a decree aimed at regulating all the
aspects concerning the granting of the incentives stated at (c) and
For further information or advice, please contact:
The Scotland Act 2012, amongst other things, devolved to the Scottish Parliament powers to determine the tax regime for disposals to landfill.
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